High and Low Meaning of Blood Sugar Levels in the Body

 

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In medical science, the presence of sugar or glucose in the blood is called blood sugar. Normal blood sugar levels in the body are important for body performance and health .

But the story is different if the level is too high or low. Blood sugar levels that are too high or low can have adverse effects both in the short and long term.

What Happens If Blood Sugar Is Too High?

Your blood sugar level is said to be too high if it exceeds 200 mg / dL. In medical science, blood sugar levels are too high called hyperglycemia.

This condition occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or due to insulin resistance, which is a hormone released by the pancreas. Insulin functions to spread sugar in the blood to all body cells so that it can be processed into energy.

Most of these conditions are experienced by diabetics who cannot live a healthy lifestyle, such as eating too much, lacking exercise, or forgetting to take diabetes or insulin. Other conditions that cause hyperglycemia in diabetics are:

  • Stress.
  • Taking steroid drugs.
  • Undergoing surgery.
  • Being infected with certain diseases.

Normal people who do not have diabetes can also develop hyperglycemia, especially if they are suffering from severe illness.

Your signs of having too high blood sugar levels are the body feels tired, appetite craze, reduced body weight, frequent thirst, and frequent urination .

If your blood sugar levels exceed 350 mg / dL, the symptoms you will feel are feelings of anxiety, decreased level of consciousness, extreme thirst, unclear vision and dizziness. Changes to skin conditions can also be seen, such as redness, dryness and heat.

Besides suffering from these things, blood sugar levels are too high, especially those who have never received treatment, can also cause serious harm such as diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar diabetes syndrome.

In addition, you can also experience infections in teeth and gums, skin problems, osteoporosis, kidney failure, nerve damage, blindness, and cardiovascular disease.

What Happens If Blood Sugar Is Too Low?

Blood sugar is too low or hypoglycemia occurs when your blood sugar levels are below 70 mg / dL. This condition is also common in diabetics. Side effects of drugs used to treat diabetes can reduce blood sugar levels excessively.

Insulin in diabetics is generally not functioning properly. Therefore, diabetics are required to consume insulin or drugs that can reduce blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, because it is consumed too much, insulin or anti-diabetes drugs can make blood sugar drop dramatically.

Hypoglycemia will quickly occur if insulin or anti-diabetic drugs are not accompanied by adequate food intake or do not eat at all. Excessive exercise can also trigger this condition.

This condition can also be experienced by those who are not diabetics. Some of the causes that might trigger hypoglycemia include:

  • Eat too much alcohol .
  • Having certain critical illnesses, such as hepatitis, anorexia nervosa, or rare tumors of the pancreas.
  • Certain hormone deficiencies.
  • Eating other people’s anti-diabetes drugs or drugs like quinine.

If your blood sugar levels are low, your body will be weak and powerless. Signs that you can feel are the skin turning pale, sweating, starving , fatigue, palpitations, tingling in the mouth area, anxiety, and irritability. The impact you will experience when blood sugar levels are too low (below 40 mg / dL), among others:

  • Slurred speech.
  • It’s hard to concentrate.
  • Not able to stand or walk.
  • Muscle twitching.
  • Seizures.
  • Stroke
  • Coma .
  • Died.

Let’s Check Your Blood Sugar

The way to find out blood sugar levels is to do a blood test. This test is useful for monitoring blood sugar levels in your body so as not to get out of normal limits.

Blood sugar tests can be done at home using a blood sugar test kit. You can also do a blood sugar test at the hospital. There are several types of blood sugar tests that can be done:

  • Blood sugar tests that require you to fast. You are required to fast eight hours before taking a blood sample. This test is often used to diagnose prediabetes and diabetes.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). In this test you will be given a certain amount of glucose and two hours later, your blood sugar levels will be checked.
  • Hemoglobin A1c test or glyohemoglobin. This test is done to determine the level of blood sugar in red blood cells. These test results can provide information about your sugar levels over the past 2-3 months. This test makes it easy for doctors to change someone’s diabetes medications if needed. Unlike before, you don’t need to undergo special preparation to do this test.

Random blood sugar test. This test can be done at any time. Blood sugar levels can vary depending on one’s diet and when they last ate food before the test was carried out. Therefore, you do not need to make special preparations before the test is carried out. Because of the nature of not knowing time, this test is considered very useful because generally blood sugar levels in healthy people do not differ much throughout the day. If your blood sugar levels differ significantly, then there may be health problems. In addition to the hospital, this test can also be done at home using a blood sugar test kit.

Consult your doctor what tests are suitable for you to live. Also ask the doctor about the risks or other matters related to the test.

Then How Much is Normal Blood Sugar Level?

Normal blood sugar levels are not always the same, depending on when the test you are taking and the condition of your body. Things like consuming alcohol or caffeine can affect blood sugar levels. The following are normal blood sugar levels. But this is only an estimate because each laboratory has different standards.

If you take a test two hours after eating, the normal level of blood sugar is less than 140 mg / dL or 7.8 mmol / L. This number applies to those under 50 years of age. For those aged 50-60 years, the normal level is less than 150 mg / dL or 8.3 mmol / L. If you are 60 years and over, the normal level of blood sugar is 160 mg / dL or 8.9 mmol / L.

If you do a blood sugar test that requires fasting, the normal level of your blood sugar can be less or equal to 100 mg / dL or 5.6 mmol / L.

If you do a random blood sugar test, the results cannot be equated. The result depends on when and what you eat before undergoing the test. But generally normal blood sugar levels are at 80-120 mg / dL or 4.4-6.6 mmol / L (if you do the test before eating or after waking up). If you do a test when you want to sleep, the normal number is 100-140 mg / dL or 5.5-7.7 mmol / L.

If you undergo a hemoglobin test for blood sugar, normal levels are less than or around 7 percent.

Make sure you record the test date and results. Also pay attention to what you consume or activities that are carried out before undergoing the test. By regularly checking blood sugar tests and living a healthy life, you can avoid the negative effects of high or low blood sugar levels.

Benefits of Chocolate and Tricks to Eat it

Benefits of Chocolate and Tricks to Eat it

There are many benefits of chocolate that you need to know, including the benefits of dark chocolate which is very nutritious and contains antioxidants that are good for your body, lower blood pressure, and prevent diabetes.

The main ingredient of chocolate is cocoa. Flavanols in cocoa have antioxidant effects that can reduce cell damage and reduce the risk of certain diseases, such as heart disease .

Suppressing the Risk of Disease

There are two types of chocolate that are generally known, namely dark chocolate and milk chocolate . Black chocolate is considered healthier than milk chocolate, because of its higher antioxidant content, and less sugar and fat content. In addition, the flavanol content in dark chocolate is also more than milk chocolate.

  • A study says that chocolate is useful to avoid someone affected by heart and blood vessel disease (cardiovascular). That is because the effects that can be obtained from chocolate to health, among others:
  • Lower blood pressure . On average, consumption of chocolate suppresses systolic blood pressure by up to two points.
  • Increase HDL ( high-density lipoprotein ) which is also known as good cholesterol. Chocolate can also reduce LDL (low-density lipoprotein) or bad cholesterol .
  • Prevent diabetes by improving insulin resistance . For people with type 2 diabetes, another benefit is to minimize complications from high blood sugar .
  • Streamlining blood flow, to reduce the risk of heart disease.

Another study found that dark chocolate consumed can reduce chronic fatigue syndrome experienced every day.

Adverse Effects

In fact, on the other hand, consumption of chocolate is also believed to have harmful effects on the body. For example, triggers acne and worsens existing acne. However, this still requires further research.

The delicious chocolate taste also often causes addiction or addiction. In addition, cocoa in chocolate also contains caffeine , which can cause side effects such as nervousness, increased urination, rapid heartbeat, allergies to the skin, constipation, and can cause migraines.

Tricks to Eat Chocolate

You can get various benefits of chocolate, provided you take them properly and correctly. Nowadays a lot of chocolate in packaging is marketed with a lot of additional ingredients, so that it can lead to an increase in fat, sugar and calories. This is certainly not good for your health, because it can lead to various risks of disease.

Basically, cocoa in chocolate contains low sugar and fat. Meanwhile, insoluble fiber that is owned by cocoa comes mostly from the unprocessed cocoa shells.

If you want to take advantage of chocolate for health, then choose unsweetened cocoa powder that can be served in low-fat milk, oatmeal, or other foods and drinks you consume.

One tablespoon of unsweetened cocoa powder contains at least 20 calories, about 0.5 grams of fat and 1 gram of fiber. This type of cocoa also does not contain saturated fat.

Unlike dark chocolate, milk chocolate does not contain fiber at all. In addition, milk chocolate contains higher calories, fat and saturated fat.

To obtain the various benefits of chocolate that has been described above, pay attention to the labels on the product packaging before buying it. Preferably, avoid products with lots of additional ingredients and excessive sweeteners.

Let’s study the benefits of Cycling for health

cycling

Enjoying natural scenery using a bicycle is a very pleasant thing. Besides pleasure, the benefits of cycling are also very much for your health.

Aside from being a tool for recreation, cycling makes the body move actively. As we know, an active body is one of the important conditions to maintain the quality of our health. Cycling alone, if done at least 2.5 hours a week or 30 minutes every day on a regular basis has a positive impact on body health.

What are the benefits?

The following are some of the benefits of cycling if done regularly.

Cardiovascular repair

Cycling, including cardio exercise , is categorized as such because with cycling, the performance of the heart, lungs, and blood circulation system will increase. In addition, cycling regularly can also reduce levels of bad cholesterol in the blood, strengthen the heart muscle, and reduce blood pressure.

Decreased levels of bad cholesterol will reduce the risk of narrowing of blood vessels. Regularly trained heart muscle will be more effective so that the process of delivering blood and oxygen throughout the body is more optimal.

The better the performance of your circulatory or cardiovascular system, the lower your risk of stroke, heart attack , and high blood pressure.

Increase muscle strength

How many limbs and muscles are involved when you are cycling? Almost everything, right? If done regularly, the muscles that are strong and flexible become one of the results. In addition, coordination and balance of the body are also trained.

Caring for joints

In addition to muscles, the joints in the arms and legs are also active. Elbows, knees, ankles, and wrists are a few joints that will automatically work when cycling. A good movement in the joints will make it more flexible.

Maintain weight

Thanks to cycling, your cardiovascular and muscle performance becomes more optimal. One of the advantages of an active body, good cardiovascular, and well-trained muscles is the increase in body metabolism and calorie burning.

Calorie burning is of course very good for keeping your body weight ideal . Combine the habit of cycling regularly with a balanced nutritional diet, to prevent and overcome obesity .

Reduce stress levels

When cycling, the body will release a hormone called endorphins . This hormone triggers a sense of comfort and a positive mood. In addition, endorphins can also reduce pain.

The emergence of a sense of comfort in the body of course will reduce the burden that surrounds your mind. Coupled with the scenery that you can enjoy while cycling, then the decrease in stress levels in your body will be increasingly felt.

Reducing the risk of other diseases

Regular physical activity through cycling is good for general body health. One of the benefits of an active body is the lack of risk of developing diabetes. This is related to the stable production of insulin by the active body. Cycling can also reduce the risk of getting cancer, especially colon cancer.

Make sure Cycling is safe

There are so many benefits of cycling that you can enjoy? In order for the benefits of cycling to be more optimal, there are things that need to be considered before starting cycling . One of them is a security factor.

However, the safety of cycling must be done. Regardless of security, the benefits of cycling can be in vain. For that, consider the following safe tips:

Check your bike

Before cycling, make sure you check all the components in your bike from the brakes, to the tire condition. Leaving one part of your bike malfunction can risk injury.

Wear head protectors, elbows and knees

Head, elbow, and knee are parts of the body that are vulnerable to injury if they fall. Make sure the three of you protect so that if you fall, the effect is not too fatal.

Make sure you look

You might ride on public roads and in dark conditions. Therefore, make sure you can be seen by other vehicle users while cycling. Install lights and use brightly colored clothes or those made from glow in the dark.

Keep driving attitude

Cycling still has to pay attention to other road users, both motorists and pedestrians. If the road does not provide special tracks for bicycles, do not grab pedestrian rights.

Make sure you also always signal other road users when they will turn or stop. Don’t do it suddenly because it can endanger you and other road users. Obviously, obey the traffic signs that apply.

If your bike is already in combat condition, then enjoy the various benefits of cycling that can be obtained since the first stroke.

Various Benefits of Swimming for Health

Swimming

Swim benefits are not only obtained by athletes or professional swimmers. All age groups can benefit from this one exercise, especially if done regularly.

Swimming can build body strength. Because, to move in water, someone needs more power. Furthermore, swimming is a physical process that will train all major muscle groups, from the shoulders, back, pelvis, buttocks, to the legs.

Benefits of Regular Swimming

Swimming can increase stamina because it is related to the resilience of the respiratory , cardiovascular system , and increased muscle mass. In detail, the benefits of swimming that you can get from doing it regularly, namely:

Improve the resilience of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems

A study concluded, in routine exercise for 12 weeks, oxygen consumption rose to 10 percent of middle-aged male and female participants. In addition, the impact of an increase in the amount of blood pumped each time the heart beats reaches 18 percent, which means an increase in heart strength.

Build muscle mass

The benefits of swimming can also be seen in an increase in triceps muscle mass (the back side of the upper arm), up to 25 percent in a group of men in a study. The results were obtained after a swimming program for 8 weeks.

Burn calories

About 500-650 calories will be burned when you swim for 1 hour, depending on how efficiently the activity is carried out.

Make the body relax

Swimming can be a means for the body to get relaxation. In addition, physical processing is said to be able to make a person feel calmer. As claimed in a study, swimming can clear your mind, encourage positive thinking, and confidence.

Can Prevent Various Diseases

Swimming does not only make your body fit and healthy. Doing this exercise regularly can prevent the occurrence of several diseases, such as stroke, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.

Swimming is also the best exercise choice for patients with certain diseases, such as patients with hernia nucleus pulposus , arthritis (arthritis), even as an exercise for recovery after stroke. Based on studies, swimming regularly can also increase life expectancy. Swimming regularly with 3-5 times a week, each for 30 minutes.

Swim well for everyone, both men and women, both children and adults. So, do not hesitate, invite all family members to swim together. Also teach the Little One to swim to make him used to doing this sport and move actively in the pool from an early age.

How to make swimming as a routine exercise

There are a number of tips you can do before deciding to swim and make swimming a regular exercise, namely:

  • If you think that swimming might be dangerous because you suffer from an illness, consult your doctor first.
  • When you will start swimming in the pool, check the depth and choose the most suitable water depth.
  • Choose a safe and comfortable swimming pool. Don’t forget to think about the distance of the swimming pool with the house so that you are not lazy to swim regularly.
  • You can take swimming training classes provided at the swimming pool. There is a swimming pool that provides programs for beginners. This might be suitable for those of you who are just starting to learn to swim.
  • Take time every week to swim regularly. You can choose and determine the time that is most appropriate for you, for example morning or evening.
  • Wear swimsuits that are comfortable and fit with your body.
  • If necessary, wear glasses to prevent sore eyes due to swimming pool water containing chlorine.

Tips Before and After Swimming

For beginners, swimming sports must be done slowly. The initial lesson that needs to be understood is the rhythm of movement and breathing. The recommended time for beginners is to take a swimming session for about 10 minutes. Then start extending the exercise time to 30 minutes. Do it regularly as much as 3-5 times per week.

If you have not felt comfortable inserting your face into the water, then as a beginner, you can first practice by soaking the body to the neck or walking in the shallower depths of the pool. It is considered far better to get used to before actually swimming, compared to swimming directly with improper techniques.

What must also be kept in mind is to always start a training session swimming by warming up and ending with cooling.

The benefits of swimming will be felt if done regularly. Schedule specifically. If you have started to take a schedule for practice, give yourself motivation to continue to practice. When you begin to feel bored, try swimming with friends or family, so you get back excited.

What You Get From Fast Food

Most fast food ( junk food ) contains high calories, but low in other important nutrients. Therefore, fast food is identical to non-nutritious food because of its minimal positive contribution to health.

Because it is identical to the low nutritional content while abundant calories , excessive consumption of this type of food is not recommended. But because it is known to be cheap, fast, tasty, and filling, many people like it.

How does fast food affect body health?

Here are some problems that can befall you if you eat too often fast food.

Obesity

Calculate the amount of carbohydrates in fast food that you normally consume. Then, combine with unhealthy fat obtained from the frying process. Not enough to get there, fast food is also usually rich in sugar. Can you imagine how fast food paved the way for obesity ?

Malnutrition

If you only think about how to fill the body then fast food is the right answer. But if you think satiety is accompanied by nourishing the body, then fast food is a bad choice. Too much carbohydrate, fat, sugar, and salt, but on the other hand there is a lack of protein, fiber, vitamins and minerals. What if your daily life is only filled with carbohydrates and fat? So be prepared to have a body of minimal nutrition and disease susceptibility. In children and adolescents, this can hamper their growth.

Indigestion

The lack of fiber in fast food can cause constipation or constipation. In addition to lack of fiber, the amount of sodium (salt) that is contained can also cause bloating and feeling like a stomach. This is very possible because salt has the ability to hold water.

Brain problems

Fast food is not only synonymous with high cholesterol and sugar, but is also rich in additional preservatives. The content of these harmful additives can cause memory problems and learning disorders. Research also shows that fast food habits that are high in calories are associated with an increased risk of dementia

Diabetes

Stacks of carbohydrates and sugar that are rich in calories will make blood sugar levels soar. The surge in blood sugar that is too often will certainly make insulin production go along soaring. Over time this will interfere with the normal production of your insulin so that it leads you to diabetes .

Cardiovascular disease

Saturated fats commonly found in fast food can increase levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) while reducing levels of good cholesterol (HDL). Combined with excessive salt consumption which can increase blood pressure and heart workload. As we know, high cholesterol and high blood pressure are the main causes of heart disease and stroke.

Respiratory disorders

Fast food makes you more easily obese. If you are obese or just overweight, the risk of respiratory disorders will increase. Difficulty breathing is the most common thing that occurs in obese people. Obesity makes a person more prone to sleep apnea and asthma.

Teeth are easily damaged

Bacteria in the mouth will produce excess acid if you consume lots of carbohydrates and sugar. Excess acid will damage the protective layer of the tooth. If the tooth is damaged, then some diseases will be easier to approach.

How to reduce the bad effects of fast food

The following ways may help you reduce consumption of fast food while maintaining health:

Make a healthy menu

When the stomach is hungry, we certainly want to immediately fill the stomach with food, including fast food. Therefore, make it a habit to make a healthy food menu that can supplement your nutritional adequacy, so there is no need to eat fast food when hungry. Add the food menu with fruits and vegetables, so that fiber needs can also be fulfilled.

Reduce portions

The more you consume fast food, the more carbohydrates, fats, sugar, and salt you consume.

Drink a lot of water

Turn your drinks from carbonated drinks into pure fruit juice, low-fat milk, or mineral water. When the body starts to get hungry, or before hunger, drinking water will reduce hunger so the urge to taste fast food will disappear.

Reduce fried foods

Fried foods are rich in saturated fats, so reduce them for health.

Everything if consumed in excess will be less good for health. Similarly fast food, as long as it is within normal limits, the risk to health can still be tolerated. But if you already have a poor health condition, avoid consuming fast food as much as possible.